A painter. After moving to Milan in 1909, he studied literature. He took up painting in Paris in 1919, in post-Cubist and purist circles, moving towards an archaism, which he viewed as a balanced simplicity of form. After his encounter with Etruscan art in 1928, he perfected the archetypal geometrical figures rendered in chalky tones that were his distinctive feature. In Paris he joined the group of Italiens, acquiring Europe-wide fame. In 1933 he signed the Manifesto of Mural Painting and started working as a frescoist (Triennale, Milan, 1933).